Nepal has a sharp climatic variation from subtropical to alpine within the short span of less than 200km (from north to south). The altitude varies from about 60m above the sea level in the south lowland to 8.848m in the north. Nepal is rich in biodiversity. The country possesses a high biodiversity considering its size.

So far, 876 species of birds have been recorded in Nepal, which are about 8% of the total bird species found worldwide. A total of 35 globally threatened species, 19 near threatened species and 15 restricted-range species are recorded in Nepal. Spiny Babbler Turdoides nipalensis is the only endemic bird of Nepal known so far. Nine species of birds are listed under the protected species by Government of Nepal.

As many as 130 breeding and wintering species (15% of Nepal's birds) are now considered nationally threatened. Habitat loss is the major threat to 86% of the birds at risk. Hunting, illegal trade and poisoning are other threats to birds in Nepal.

Birds are feathered bipeds. They belong to class Aves and subphylum Vertebrata. The most distinguishing character of birds is the possession of feathers and the forelimbs modified into wings. Birds descended 140 million years ago from the reptilian stock similar to that which produced dinosaurs, a bird-like creature, called Archaeopteryx.

Extinct/Extirpated Birds of Nepal

Species Name

National Status

Habitat

Jungle Bush Quail
Perdicula asiatica

Extirpated: only recorded in 19th century

Dry grass and scrub

Rufous-necked Hornbill
Aceros nipalensis

Extirpated: only recorded in 19th century

Mature broadleaved evergreen forest

Silver-breasted Broadbill
Serilophus lunatus

Extirpated: only recorded in 19th century

Broadleaved evergreen forest

Green Cochoa
Cochoa viridis

Extirpated: only recorded in 19th century

Broadleaved evergreen forest

Red-faced Liocichla
Liocichla phoenicea

Extirpated: only recorded in 19th century

Broadleaved evergreen forest

Black-breasted Parrotbill
Paradoxornis flavirostris

Extirpated: only recorded in 19th century

Dense thickets of reeds, high grass and bamboo

Pink-headed Duck
Rhodonessa caryophyllacea

Extirpated: only recorded in 19th century

Pools and marshes

White-bellied Heron
Ardea insignis

Extirpated: only recorded in 19th century

 Rivers in broadleaved foothill forests

Brown Bush Warbler
Bradypterus luteoventris

Extirpated: only recorded in 19th century

Undergrowth of bushes and grass in pine forest

 

List Of Donors

  • Koshi Tappu Bird Watching Camp, - Rs. 500
  • Vimal Thapa, - Rs. 1000
  • Rajendra Gurung, - Rs. 1000
  • BCN Pokhara Branch, - Rs. 632
  • Bhuwan Mani Sharma, - Rs. 100
  • Keshav Ghimire, - Rs. 100
  • World Migratory Bird Day 2013, - Rs. 3300
  • Rainer Stoll, - Rs. 25323
  • Sonam Tashi Lama, - Rs. 100
  • Abinash Nepali, - Rs. 1500
  • Carolline Forell, - Rs. 150
  • Charles Patton and Leslie Harris, - Rs. 150
  • Toby Wheeler, - Rs. 330
  • Rajendra Gurung (Patron, BCN), - Rs. 2500
  • Reliance Public School(Student from grade 3 to 5), - Rs. 365
  • Samir Maharjan, - Rs. 500
  • International Vulture Awareness Day 2011, - Rs. 2300
  • Deepak Adhikari, - Rs. 500
  • Anand Chaudhary, - Rs. 1275
  • Dr. Hum Bahadur Gurung , - Rs. 250
  • Butch Lama, - Rs. 700
  • Sarah Piper, - Rs. 2000
  • Charles W. Norris Brown, - Rs. 300
  • Puja Gurung, - Rs. 466
  • Surya Prakash Tiwari, - Rs. 200
  • Ramesh K Pariyar, - Rs. 500
  • Shree Namuna Mahendra Sec. School, - Rs. 902
  • Bright Star Worker's Higher Secondary School, - Rs. 510
  • Shree Bolambu Secondary School, - Rs. 1055
  • Apollo Int'l School, - Rs. 500
  • Shree Chandi Bhairav Secondary School, - Rs. 843
  • Amar Jyoti Sec. School, - Rs. 730
  • Shree Chandrika Devi Secondary School, - Rs. 501
  • David Fiddell, - Rs. 500
  • Local people from Sikles Village, - Rs. 4223
  • PABSON Programme, - Rs. 3000
  • Children's Paradise Boarding School, - Rs. 2000
  • Leknath Festival, - Rs. 2500
  • Amar Singh High School, - Rs. 1660
  • United Academy, - Rs. 1035
  • Suryodaya Boarding School, - Rs. 1000
  • Narayanjan Secondary School, - Rs. 891
  • Shree Baghbhairav Secondary School, - Rs. 1035
  • Green Village Education Foundation, - Rs. 500
  • Program at Dhanding, - Rs. 1500
  • Evergreen Higher Secondary School, - Rs. 1500
  • Shree Bajrayogini Secondary School, - Rs. 2800
  • Serene Hill Secondary English School, - Rs. 953
  • Nuwakot Festival, - Rs. 2000
  • BCN Day Celebration, - Rs. 645
  • 9th street exhibition and public awareness campaign, - Rs. 766
  • Exhibition (Climate Change) at Basantapur, - Rs. 547