Nepal’s biodiversity strength is well reflected with high number of bird species. So far, 886 species of birds have been recorded in Nepal, which are about 9% of the total bird species found worldwide. Among them 42 species are globally threatened and 35 globally near threatened. Further, 167 species are nationally threatened.
Spiny Babbler Acanthoptila nipalensisis the only endemic bird of Nepal. Nine species; Himalayan Monal, Cheer Pheasant, Satyr Tragopan, Bengal Florican, Lesser Florican, Great Hornbill, Sarus Crane, Black Stork and White Stork are protected birds of Nepal.
Eight species; Jungle Bush Quail, Rufous-necked Hornbill, Silver-breasted Broadbill, Green Cochoa, Black-breasted Parrotbill, Pink-headed Duck and White-bellied Heron are thought to be regionally extinct.