Bengal Florican Conservation Project
The Defra, UK Darwin Initiative program: 2012/13 - 2014/15
ZSL under its EDGE Fellowship program: 2016-2018.
Bengal Florican Houbaropsis bengalensisis a habitat specialised bustard, dependent upon alluvial grassland habitat of terai region. It is restricted to two small and disjunct populations, one in the Terai region of India and Nepal, and the other in Cambodia with global population250-999 mature individuals. In Nepal it is restricted only in Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserve, Bardia National Park, Chitwan National Park and Suklphanta Wildlife Reserve.
According to BirdLife International, this bustard has a very small, declining population; a trend that has recently become extremely rapid and is predicted to continue in the near future, largely as a result of the widespread and on-going habitat degradation. Therefore it is listed as critically endangered (CR) in IUCN red list of threatened species. Nationally it is evaluated at critically endangered and protected under DNPWC Act 1973. It is listed in appendix I of CITES.
Government of Nepal has established Bengal Florican Conservation Action Plan (BFCAP) 2016-2020 in Nepal with objective: Maintain a healthy and viable population of Bengal Florican through increasing the area of high quality habitat, better understanding of its ecology and reduced threats. BCN is supporting Government of Nepal to implement the BFCAP. Major ongoing activities include
- Satellite tagging and monitoring.
- Research on ecology and habitat management
- Education awareness