Scientific Classification
Kingdom Animalia
Phylum Chordata
Class Aves
Order Galliformes
Family Phasianidae
Genus Lophophorus
Species impejanus
Subspecies n/a
Synonyms n/a
Local name Danfe
Distribution It is the National bird of Nepal, where it is known as the Danfe, and the state bird of Uttarakhand. This is a residential bird found mostly in the Himalayas.
Description

Description:
It is a relatively large sized bird with reference to family Phasianidae. About 70 cm in length, the weight of males and females range between 1980-2380g and 1800-2150g respectively. Adult males possess a long crest, are feathered with multicoloured plumage throughout their body, while the females, like in other pheasants, are dull in colour with the upper parts covered with dark brownish-black feathers. Notable features in males are a long crest that is metallic green, changeable reddish copper on the back and sides of the neck and, a prominent white back and rump while in flight (birds of northwestern India lack this). Tail feathers of males are uniformly rufous being darker towards the tips, where as the lower tail coverts of females are white, barred with black and rufous. Females have a prominent white patch in the fore neck and a white strip on the tail. First year males and immatures resemble females, but first year males are larger and the immatures are less distinctly marked.

Conservation status:
Listed in DNPWC Act 2029 Appendix I; listed in CITES Appendix I. Threatened species, 2006 IUCN Red List. This bird is poached for its valuable feathers and for meat. Also due to forest degradation and habitat encroachment, its existence is in danger.